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M D -M S C -  P H .D   M R C P

Chairman of Jordanian Atherosclerosis & hypertension Prelusion Society.

Consultant Cardiologist - LONDON -EGYPT.

M R C P - P h .D - M S.

Participated in many studies and Research, about hypertension and lipid disorders and arterioscleroses in Jordan and worldwide, participated in many articles and lectures as well workshops.



Tel: 00962 6 5928484, 5th circle.

Mobile No: 00962 79 5533112

E-mail: osamaokkeh@yahoo.com


·        Osama Okkeh is a consultant Cardiologist based in Jordan.  After graduation in General Medicine at the beginning of the eighties at Baghdad University College of Medicine, trained at the teaching hospital of the university.

·        Travelled to London on 1983 and gained the MRCP, then Egypt (Alexandria) achieving the master's degree in cardiology and then Ph.D.

·        Teaching is one key area of interest as well as being an eminent invited speaker at international scientific meetings.

·        Many articles were published in the medical literature and as an investigator in several clinical trials.

·        Member of many medical groups in Jordan, Egypt and Europe.

·        Was president of the Jordanian Lipid Society (JLS) and established the Jordanian Hypertension Society (JHS) and merged both societies in the Jordanian Atherosclerosis & Hypertension Society (JAHS).

·        Current interests are pathophysiology and management of hypertension and dyslipidemia and their relationship to coronary ischemic syndromes.





د . أسامه عكة

استشاري أمراض القلب والشرايين

رئيس الجمعية الأردنية لامراض وتصلب الشرايين وضغط الدم .

اختصاصي أمراض القلب – بريطانيا – مصر .

زمالة الكلية الملكية لامراض الباطنية – لندن .

شارك في دراسات وأبحاث عالمية حول ضغط الدم والدهون وتصلب الشرايين .

شارك في المؤتمرات الدولية والمحاضرات



What is atherosclerosis? 

Atherosclerosis (ath"er-o-skleh-RO'sis) comes from the Greek words athero (meaning gruel or paste) and sclerosis (hardness). It's the name of the process in which deposits of fatty substances, cholesterol, cellular waste products, calcium and other substances build up in the inner lining of an artery. This buildup is called plaque. It usually affects large and medium-sized arteries.  Some hardening of arteries often occurs when people grow older.

Plaques can grow large enough to significantly reduce the blood's flow through an artery. But most of the damage occurs when they become fragile and rupture. Plaques that rupture cause blood clots to form that can block blood flow or break off and travel to another part of the body. If either happens and blocks a blood vessel that feeds the heart, it causes a heart attack. If it blocks a blood vessel that feeds the brain, it causes a stroke. And if blood supply to the arms or legs is reduced, it can cause difficulty walking and eventually lead to gangrene.

How does atherosclerosis start?

Atherosclerosis is a slow, complex disease that typically starts in childhood and often progresses when people grow older. In some people it progresses rapidly, even in their third decade. Many scientists think it begins with damage to the innermost layer of the artery. This layer is called the endothelium (en"do-THE'le-um). Causes of damage to the arterial wall include:

  • elevated levels of cholesterol and triglyceride (tri-GLIS'er-id) in the blood
  • high blood pressure
  • tobacco smoke
  • diabetes 

Tobacco smoke greatly worsens atherosclerosis and speeds its growth in the coronary arteries, the aorta and arteries in the legs. (The coronary arteries bring blood to the heart muscle; the aorta is the large vessel that the heart pumps blood through to the body.)

Because of the damage to the endothelium, fats, cholesterol, platelets, cellular waste products, calcium and other substances are deposited in the artery wall. These may stimulate artery wall cells to produce other substances that result in further buildup of cells.

These cells and surrounding material thicken the endothelium significantly. The artery's diameter shrinks and blood flow decreases, reducing the oxygen supply. Often a blood clot forms near this plaque and blocks the artery, stopping the blood flow.

What does research show?

Males and people with a family history of premature cardiovascular disease have an increased risk of atherosclerosis. These risk factors can't be controlled. Research shows the benefits of reducing the controllable risk factors for atherosclerosis:

  • High blood cholesterol (especially LDL or "bad" cholesterol over 100 mg/dL)
  • Cigarette smoking and exposure to tobacco smoke
  • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Obesity
  • Physical inactivity

Research also suggests that inflammation in the circulating blood may play an important role in triggering heart attacks and strokes. Inflammation is the body's response to injury, and blood clotting is often part of that response. Blood clots, as described above, can slow down or stop blood flow in the arteries.

Related AHA publications: